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Dentistry, a lucrative profession, is concerned with all health problems afflicting the mouth, teeth, gums and other hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. It is accepted as a professional field which includes dental care and correction. Dentists help people maintain their health and appearance. Dentistry is changing rapidly, creating many opportunities and challenges. To an extent, it includes cosmetology where corrective treatment is involved. Dentists improve patients' appearance by using a wide variety of cosmetic dental procedures. These days, dentists are assuming very important roles in the whole healthcare system. With an increasing awareness of the importance of oral health and the introduction of new fields like periodontics (care of gums and the diseases that might afflict them), oral pathology (diagnosis for diseases that affect the mouth ) and orthodontics (straightening and aligning teeth and jaws) have all enhanced the scope of this field.

Dental surgeons or dentists look after teeth by filling, crowning, scaling. They extract teeth and design and fill artificial dentures. They undertake surgically on the jaw, and some specialized orthodontist mainly for children. The preventive aspect of dentistry is gaining in importance.


To practice as a dentist one must need at least a Bachelor of Dental surgery (BDS). There is no specialisation at the bachelor level. BDS is a 4-year course followed by one year of compulsory rotating internship. BDS graduates may pursue the postgraduate course Master of Dental surgery (MDS).

Other Courses in Dentistry are

    * Dental Hygienist Certificate Course
    * Dental Mechanic Certificate Course
    * Diploma Course in Dental Assistance.


Candidates having passed 10+2 with physics, chemistry and biology, with at least 50% marks are eligible for admission in the Bachelor of Dental Science (BDS) course. The course is of four-year duration followed by one year of internship. The all India entrance examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is common for both the MBBS and the BDS courses. The allocation of institutions is based on merit. Other than the centrally run medical institutions there is at least one dental college in most states, where admission is based on domiciliary status. Selection Procedure: A merit waiting list up to a number of 1 to 2000 is made on the base marks obtained in the competition. The candidates are assigned their merit list and choice.

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