Kerala Higher educational directory




Medicine is one of the most sort out and rewarding career for those interested in Science and dealing with sick people. Over the years, the field of medical studies have undergone various stages of development, it has become so vast that specializations within are increasing day by day. There is great scope for medicine as a professional career.  A doctor's profession involves a lot of hard work and at the same time, it gives the satisfaction of curing patients at times even saving lives. It is a very demanding profession. To be in this profession is more a responsibility than a privilege. It is more of what you can give the community than what you can get from it.

The increasing complicated lifestyles giving birth to a variety of ailments have made it impossible for General Physicians with an MBBS degree to handle all ailments. It is here that specialization in a particular branch of medicine becomes a necessity. The major Specializations include General Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, Anesthesiology etc. There is also Super Specializations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as Plastic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Cardio-thoracic surgery, Conito-urinary surgery, Paediatric Surgery, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Clinical Haematology.

The demands for medical professionals are tremendously increasing with the unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments day by day. At the same time super specialty hospitals are mushrooming both within the country and abroad offering employment opportunities. These along with liberalization of economy could bring better opportunities for these professionals in terms of remuneration, research and working facilities.  Other than Allopathy, medicine also covers different systems like Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani etc.

Personality Traits

  • Should have good memory and recollection ability, good physical health, good judgement.
  • Service mentality, stamina, patience.
  • Power of concentration, emotional stability, self confidence.
  • Logical and analytical mind, decision making ability.
  • Willingness to learn throughout their career.
  • Ability to take timely decisions, Self -motivation.
  • An amiable and sympathetic temperament.
  • Drive to work hard.
  • Above average intelligence.
  • A doctor is also expected to possess a strong sense of responsibility as the patient's life depends entirely on him.

In addition those who take up surgery must possess high concentration, manual and finger dexterity and stamina, and the ability to stand on their feet continuously for several hours while dealing with life and death.


  1. Physician

They diagnose and treat ailments and disorders of the human body. On the basis of symptoms and tests conducted, the physician prescribes medicines to patients.

  1. Surgeon

The surgeon diagnoses and treats injuries, diseases and disorders of the human body by prescribing medicines or, where necessary, by means of surgical operations. Surgery can be orthopedic, plastic, neuro, thoracic, etc.

  1. Community health

Public or community health medicine is concerned with the promotion of health of a whole community rather than of specific individuals. It is primarily about preventivemedicine and there is no direct clinical contact with patients.

Most health doctors are employed in regional or district health authorities. Their work includes the overall administration, planning and development of personal health and community care.

  1. Research and training

Researching new forms of treatments and new drugs and their effects is done in hospitals, research establishments and drug firms. Doctors mostly combine clinical and scientific work, but there are also research appointments, often including some teaching, for those who are interested in scientific development ofmedicine rather than patient contact.

With medical knowledge having increased in leaps and bounds, it has become necessary for those who practise to specialize in a particular aspect ofmedicine, so as to keep pace with important developments.

The major areas of specializations include the following

    1. General physicians (doctors possessing M.B.B.S degree, with no particular specialization).
    2. General surgery (requires a 3 year specialized course after M.B.B.S).
    3. Paediatrics (deals with children, from new-borns to adolescents).
    4. Cardiology (deals with ailments and dsieases of heart).
    5. Obstetrics and gynaecology (deals with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders in females in reproductive age group).
  1. Neurology

Neurologists in diseases and disorders related to the human brain. They handle the treatment of problems related to nervous system and other problems in human body, arising from disorders in human brain.

  1. Dermatolgy

Dermatology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of skin and realted problems.

  1. Opthalmology

Opthalmologists are eye specialists who diagnose and condust treatment for the diseases of the human eye and its related parts. They can also check the eyesight and prescribed corrective lenses, but nowadays, most often, it is an optometrist (a paramedic with a diploma in optometry) who handles these aspects of eye care.

  1. ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) specialists

ENT specialists deals with diseases and disorders of ear, nose and throat. These 3 organs are physiologically interconnected and so one specialist can handle nasal as well as throat and ear ailments.

  1. Psychiarty

This is an area of specialization that diagnoses and treats mental disorders by means of counselling or therapy and medication.

  1. Allopathy
    1. Bachelor Of Medicine & Bachelor Of Surgery (M.B.B.S)
    2. Doctor Of Medicine (MD), Master Of Surgery (MS)
  2. Ayurveda
    1. Bachelor Of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (B.A.M.S)
  3. Dentistry
    1. Bachelor Of Dental Surgery (B.D.S)
    2. Master Of Dental Surgery (M.D.S)
  4. Homeopathy
    1. Bachelor Of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery (B.H.M.S)
    2. Postgraduate Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery
  5. Siddha
    1. Bachelor Of Siddha Medicine & Surgery (B.S.M.S)
    2. MD in Siddha
  6. Unani
    1. Kamil-e-Tob-o-Jarahat
    2. Mahir-e-Tibb
Primary education kerala   Kerala Professional Courses   Medical education   Engineering education   Computer education   Academic Support
Primary education   Professional education   Medical education   Engineering education   Computer education   Academic support